September Interview with Phoenix Landing’s Co-Founder, Ann Brooks
[Editor’s Note: For further information about Phoenix Landing, visit their website at https://www.phoenixlanding.org/]
Established April 2000. We started thinking sanctuary was the way to go, because we aspire to a “forever home” and a safe place that will permanently protect our birds. However, the truth is that few, if any, sanctuaries are truly sustainable for long-lived birds. “Forever home” is a terrible misnomer to use for parrots. Also, most birds enjoy the interaction that a smaller home and family can offer. We are now an adoption and education organization only, no sanctuary. We promise a succession of good homes to every bird that enters our adoption program, no matter how many homes that may require.
We started in one place, the Washington D.C. area. As more volunteers became involved from other places, we were able to establish operations in other places as well. Our only permanent long-term location is near Asheville, NC, because that is where our one facility is located. All other locations are volunteer-dependent, until we are able to open permanent adoption centers in other potential locations.
Seeing a bird go to a good family and start a new life is very rewarding to me. To see someone learn a new piece of information that will improve the life of their bird is equally satisfying!
Education and information are how we can make the biggest difference for the widest number of birds.
Even someone caring for birds for many years can still learn something new, especially since there is always new information being developed.
Keeping any relationship fresh can be a challenge, so I think we owe it to our captive birds to be long-term, eager learners.
I think organizational skills are the most important in establishing and/or mananging a non-profit.
My federal career was immensely beneficial – learning how to
organize, document, plan, strategize;
balance skills and time;
work with a wide variety of people;
define a mission, and operationalize ideas.
People who care about animals can get bogged down on the emotional side, which will ultimately hinder their ability to be effective. So it’s very important to balance the practical and the emotional.
What sort of impacts do you see from such legal developments as people moving to a state where they can no longer keep their particular species of parrot. What legislative/policy changes would most improve the situation of large exotic birds in the US/in your area?
We’d like to see more legislative protections for birds, starting with their incorporation into the federal Animal Welfare Act.
There are also many tragic situations where city/county/state officials can do nothing to help, because birds have so few protections.
The welfare of birds need to be considered, balanced with the personal and property rights of people. Both are important.
There are very few sanctuaries that are sustainable. It might make us feel better that a bird has gone to this “permanent” place, especially if we’ve provided money for their care. However, it’s important to ask what the sustainability plan is for any sanctuary, and make sure it’s not just dependent on a small number of people with limited resources, which many are.
Frankly — if a home adopts a bird for five years, that is often considered a success. Because people’s lives change so quickly (health, job, family, time, etc), birds almost always need a succession of good homes. This is especially true for long-lived birds like macaws, cockatoos, and Amazons. This is why adoption for birds is so important!
Meet Don Scott, Founder of Chloe Sanctuary and Cockatude
Don Scott (FB), Founder and Executive Director of Chloe Sanctuary (IG) in Fallbrook, California, just outside San Diego, is first to voice his compassion for those who fail with parrots or cockatoos and hand them off to a sanctuary or rescue: “Often I see eyes darkened by futility. They have given up. They have reached the point they would rather die than continue living. Life has become a living hell where the one they wanted to love has become a demon. Because of that demon, they have become raving, screaming creatures, that would do anything to make the pain stop. There is nowhere to turn. They live in a nightmare world. This is how most people come to us.”
Don introduces Peaches, a special needs Moluccan cockatoo, in the first of Chloe Sanctuary’s Cockatude videos. Don’s work doesn’t stop with rescue, rehabilitation, training and maintenance. Chloe Sanctuary, also is on a mission to educate the public about large birds. Three years ago, Chloe Sanctuary started Cockatude, a YouTube channel of educational videos starring their now rehabilitated and trained sanctuary birds, Don and the sanctuary’s vets. Cockatude benefits both community and birds, but it also rounds out a great nonprofit model: the public version of each video is free. However, a sponsor, for the cost of a Starbuck’s coffee per month, gains access to fuller, private editions of each video.
Peaches arrived at Chloe Sanctuary with Feather Destructive Behavior, (FDB), a neck mobility problem, and underweight. Like the other needy birds at Chloe Sanctuary, Peaches special care regimen is necessary for the length of her life. Of course, as a young bird, she will outlive Don probably by sixty years. Any volunteers stepping up yet?
Peaches is high-maintenance. Charming when she imitates a fire alarm, she needed training and not to do so excessively. The vet treated Peach’s FDB with small amounts of Haldol. Having FDB for more than one year prior to arriving at the sanctuary, Peaches likely requires lifelong medication management to prevent relapse. (See Cockatude Episode 14: Feather Destructive Behavior).
In addition, six of Chloe’s 27 vertebrae — all neck vertebrae, are fused, seriously impacting her self-cate. In fact, Peaches had only destroyed chest feathers because she lacked the mobility to destroy feathers elsewhere on her body. The fused vertebrae appear on the x-ray akin to a sway back.
Because Peaches can’t rotate her neck, she cannot preen. Enter Don the Mate: he must preen her tail feathers to prevent such things as follicle infection. Of course, normally, you do not want to stroke a bird along its back or under its wings because that triggers hormones and mating behavior — and creates frustration and misunderstanding in the parront-fid relationship. But Don has no choice; Don preens Peaches, and she considers him her mate (thank goodness he is not married!)
Don works eighteen hours per day, 365 days per year. With birds like Peaches, with their time-consuming, demanding care regimens (and cockatoos and large parrots require high levels of human interaction and attention to begin with), Don is a committed sanctuary keeper. Always, financial support to maintain a staff is appreciated, as these birds do require intensive attention. In fact, if more funds become available, Don would like to resume the training/adoption programs, with adequate staff to train and vet.
Don confides he was unprepared for his first cockatoo rescue. Having owned two parrots in the 1970s, in the early 2000s Don found himself buried knee-deep in Parrots for Dummies, “nowhere near ready in my own mind to live with one of these complicated creatures.” But then he saw the posting for cockatoo Chloe: living but an hour away, Chloe’s parronts posted on a Friday that they would get “rid of the bird one way or another” that weekend.
You know how the next chapter goes: Don drove off immediately to save Chloe.
While Chloe’s feathers below the neck had severe damage from feather destructive behavior (FDB), she seemed a “joyful kind of bird.” Not knowing the signs well enough, Don watched as Chloe’s FDB worsened: unanticipated divorce stress in his own life meant he didn’t interact with her as much as she needed. Don compares FDB to “humans who attempt suicide and then call 911 for help.” As birds suffer mentally and emotionally, they pick at their feathers. They shortly learn that the induced pain actually releases endorphins, briefly alleviating the mental pain. “Pain leads to pleasure: a vicious cycle.”
Over the years, alongside Chloe Sanctuary’s vets, Don has managed many cases of FDB in many large birds, frequently with the help of small, measured doses of Haldol (halperodol), judiciously administered. In fact, the vet reports a 90% success rate on Haldol alone, while sometimes additional drugs such are added. For instance, some breeds do not respond as well to Haldol unless Xanax (alprazolam) is also given. The vet sees Haldol’s advantage in its easiness to administer, the length of the dosing, and how it can be coordinated with the bird’s social schedule.
The Cockatude video on FDB below shares invaluable instruction and experience on the nature, treatment and management of Feather Destructive Behavior:
Ruing his own mistakes with Chloe, Don sought out “a community of people who were rescuing, rehabilitating and re-homing” large birds, but his county had none. Don responded to the unmet need. Don enrolled in Susan Friedman’s Applied Behavior Analysis course targeting parrot behavior — “the wisest money I ever spent” as well as courses on non-profits. Within the year (2007), Chloe Sanctuary gained its official California and U.S. tax-exempt charitable organization status.
The birds at Chloe Sanctuary live in a well-designed but enclosed environment: the birds each have a day cage, a night cage, a socialization room and, a shared outdoor aviary. Don notes that captive-bred birds are “autistic” in comparison to wild birds, lacking good navigation and quick reflexes. Don advises aviary use is critical to birds’ well-being, but should always be supervised. Careful aviary is critical to birds’ protection and enjoyment. The birds themselves need flight training to be safe as well.
Like many avian experts, Don uses a training model based on operant conditioning. Applied Behavior Analysis teaches the parrot to make choices that benefit both parront and fid. “My certification in ABA hangs in my office. It is a reminder that everyone has a right to make their own choices and that we are here to help them learn to make the best ones.”
We congratulate Chloe Sanctuary on their tenth anniversary and hope you will make use of Cockatude educational videos and support the valuable work Don does with sponsorship.
Our new page, No Room at the Inn, takes its inspiration from Don Scott of The Chloe Sanctuary. Starting August 15 this page will feature individual bird rescues and sanctuaries, focusing on their goals, methods and immediate support needs.